About Me Welcome Contact Me ELL Program Language Proficiency Can Do Descriptors HELLO for Parents Language Development Stages BICS vs CALP Acquistion vs Learning Quick Reference Guide for Teachers About Me About Me Welcome Welcome Contact Me Contact Me ELL Program ELL Program Language Proficiency Language Proficiency Can Do Descriptors Can Do Descriptors HELLO for Parents HELLO for Parents
Language Acquisition All children learn or acquire their first language (the language they speak at home) and their second language (English).  There is a difference between “learning” language and “acquisition” of language.  The term “acquisition” is used to emphasize the natural processes and ways that a child acquires a language. The term “learning” can be used generally or to emphasize “formal learning” of a language such as in a grammar class. (Enhancing English Language Learning in Elementary Classroom)   Language Acquisition Theory- Acquisition vs. Learning, Stephen Krashen and Tracy Terrell                          
Acquisition Subconscious Similar to first language development Focus is on needs and interest of students All attempts at communication are praised and reinforced; errors are accepted as developmental Involves student-centered Situational activities  
Learning Conscious Knowing about language Focus is on grammar Corrections of errors Involves drills and grammar exercises  
Implications for Classroom Teaching:  Teachers should devote most class time to acquisition activities.  Learning activities should play a smaller role in the classroom, and can also be done as homework.
Needs of Second Language Learners   Accepting Environment Recognition of culture ESL instruction Meaningful Context Academic Context Academic Language Content Instruction Consideration for Testing and Daily Assignments 
Accelerators to English Language Learners Purpose of using language is real and natural-focus is on communication Acceptance of all language attempts made-promotes confidence Modeling of correct grammar as students responses is restated Students speak only when they’re ready-not forced too soon Language has a purpose for the learner   Roadblocks to English Language Learners Overemphasis on correctness-“No, that’s not the right way to say it” Students are forced to speak-major cause of poor articulation and grammatical control, as well as stress overload Students are forced to complete work above their competence level-above their stage of development in language acquisition    
Mr. Diazís Online Classroom  English Language Learners Language Development Stages Language Development Stages BICS vs CALP BICS vs CALP Acquistion vs Learning Acquistion vs Learning Quick Reference Guide for Teachers Quick Reference Guide for Teachers next next previous previous